Air Traffic Control
VFR Arrival - Basics
| VFR Arrival - Basics | Flights of Aircraft
| Holding | Emergencies
| Fisk Approach Control
Throughout the VFR arrival procedure you may be required to maneuver
your aircraft at various altitudes and airspeeds (as well as hold) in
order to maintain proper spacing from aircraft ahead.
When this occurs do your best, within the
capabilities of both you and your aircraft, to comply.
Please ensure that you “brush up” on
your “slow flight” piloting skills prior to your departure for
Oshkosh. We (ATC and you) will feel more comfortable knowing that you
are operating within the capabilities of both you and your aircraft.
MONITOR OSH (WITTMAN
REGIONAL AIRPORT) ARRIVAL A.T.I.S.
MONITOR ARRIVAL ATIS prior to your
arrival at Ripon. The ATIS
will include not only the arrival runways in use but also will
identify the applicable pages of the NOTAM that this information will be
found. BECOME VERY FAMILIAR WITH THESE PAGES!
- ARRIVAL ATIS
FREQUENCY - 125.9
- The ATIS may also be accessed by
telephone at 866-493-5553.
- The ATIS is updated frequently.
- Ensure Oshkosh is
accepting arrivals and not in the process of holding aircraft.
- Note which Runway Configurations are
being utilized and the associated NOTAM page numbers.
- Locate/Review/Have available the
applicable NOTAM pages. You may want to print individual pages of
the NOTAM which include depictions of the various arrival segments or
procedures prior to your departure for AirVenture allowing you to have
the applicable pages "at the ready" as you approach Ripon.
NOTAM is available
MONITOR FISK APPROACH -
FREQUENCY (120.7) 15 MILES PRIOR TO RIPON
- Once again, ensure
Oshkosh is accepting arrivals and not holding aircraft.
- DO NOT CHANGE THE
FREQUENCY UNTIL DIRECTED TO DO SO BY ATC WHEN PASSING FISK!
ALERT - LOOK FOR OTHER TRAFFIC!
Always be on the lookout for
other traffic. You are about to enter what may be the most
congested airspace within which you have ever operated!
CHECK FUEL STATUS
- IF YOU DO NOT HAVE
SUFFICIENT FUEL FOR HOLDING or GO-AROUNDS, DIVERT TO AN ALTERNATE!
LANDING LIGHTS ON
- Within 30 miles of Oshkosh.
- This will make it easier for other
aircraft, as well as ATC, to see you throughout the arrival procedure.
TRANSPONDER TO STANDBY
- Within 30 miles of Oshkosh.
- This is required in order to reduce the
burden placed on ATC radar and to allow ATC to more easily maintain
radar following of IFR aircraft both arriving and departing Oshkosh
and surrounding airports.
CANCEL VFR FLIGHT PLAN
- Prior to departing Ripon, or
- Upon your arrival at destination
- If holding is in progress (and the
Green Lake holding pattern is not saturated), enter the holding
pattern at Green Lake.
- If the Green
Lake holding pattern is nearing capacity, DO NOT CONTINUE
inbound to Ripon or Green Lake. Stay clear and proceed no further!
Check for traffic and make left turns over a point on the ground and
continue to hold, or divert to an alternate airport, until ATC advises
holding aircraft to proceed to Ripon and beyond.
- Additional information concerning
holding is available here.
- Gauge traffic volume. Get a feel for
how busy it is and be alert!
AIRSPEEDS - VFR ARRIVAL PROCEDURE RIPON TO FISK
PLEASE COMPLY WITH
THESE SPEED RESTRICTIONS. We know that some of your aircraft are
capable of going much faster, and some wish they could cruise at 90 knots.
These speed restrictions assist us (ATC) in delivering an orderly and
manageable flow of traffic to the control tower, as well as to the
volunteers on the ground that assist in your parking at the airport.
msl at 90 knots/104
- If unable - 2,300'
msl at 135 knots/155
SPECIFICALLY APPROVED BY ATC, DO NOT EXCEED 135 knots!
- IF YOU ARE
CAPABLE OF UTILIZING THE 1,800' PATTERN, PLEASE DO SO.
- Do not utilize the 2,300' pattern
just because your aircraft is capable of flying at 135 knots. It makes
it much easier for ATC to develop a sequence most aircraft are at 1,800!
- For those with a little less
horsepower and a lot more drag maintain a speed as close to 90
knots/104 mph as possible!
- ALL aircraft will be required to be
level at, or descending to 1,800' MSL, departing Fisk!
- When only one runway is available for
arrivals, which occurs frequently and often with little notice, (or if
the weather does not allow for operations at 2,300' msl) please do
your best to blend with the 90 knot traffic at 1,800' msl.
- The "Ripon to Fisk" arrival
procedure is not tailored to the airspeeds or lack of maneuverability
associated with "big and fast" aircraft.
aircraft should utilize the "Turbine/Warbird Arrival
Procedure".(see NOTAM for details.)
arrivals should utilize the "Helicopter Arrival Procedure".
(See NOTAM for details.)
- ATC often requires
aircraft to "make a 360º turn" to achieve the desired
separation prior to departing Fisk inbound to the airport. This will often
occur in the immediate vicinity, if not directly over Fisk! Please be
prepared to respond to this request!
- In order for this procedure to work
properly / efficiently pilots need to be capable of flying reasonably
slow and maneuvering (making 360º turns) safely within a reasonably
- Please take into consideration what
is best for the overall operation when making decisions concerning
altitudes and airspeeds!
- The success of this procedure depends
upon each and everyone one of us, ATC and pilots, WORKING
TOGETHER to make a safe, efficient arrival into AirVenture!
There may be times when the traffic
volume is low or ATC needs to manipulate the sequence of aircraft
approaching Fisk. The Fisk Approach Controller may request that you
"speed it up" or "overtake the aircraft ahead!"
- If you receive permission to increase
your speed please remember to reduce to 90 knots upon passing Fisk.
- If ATC requests you to overtake the
aircraft ahead they will provide you with instructions as to how to
accomplish this. For example, "Baron 4 miles southwest of Fisk,
sidestep to the left, parallel the railroad tracks on the north side
and overtake the aircraft ahead", or "Baron 4 miles
southwest of Fisk at 1,800', climb to 2,300' and overtake the aircraft
LOCATE CITY OF RIPON
- OSH 233 Radial at 15 DME.
- Green Lake is West/Southwest of
TRACKS AT NORTHEAST CORNER OF RIPON
- Look for the grain silos and the
- The railroad tracks run north/south
through downtown then turn Northeast.
FIND AN AIRCRAFT OF
SIMILAR PERFORMANCE AT YOUR ALTITUDE TO FOLLOW
- The aircraft you plan on following
doesn't have to be identical to your type. If you can locate one that
will match your ability to fly at either 90 knots (preferred by ATC)
or 135 knots it will assist you in maintaining the required 1/2 mile
(constant or increasing) in-trail separation required by ATC!
- What ATC cannot accept are situations
where the separation is decreasing from 1/2 mile to less than the
required 1/2 mile. If you started with 1/2-mile in-trail spacing and you
are gaining on the aircraft ahead - it will not work!
MAINTAIN 1/2 MILE
(CONSTANT OR INCREASING) IN-TRAIL SPACING
- S-TURNS WILL
- If you have to S-Turn in order to
maintain the required 1/2-mile in-trail spacing, IT WILL NOT WORK!
Check for other traffic and break off the procedure (turning
left/right). Parallel the railroad tracks while proceeding southwest
and find another aircraft to follow 1/2 mile in-trail.
- NO SIDE BY
SIDES OR OVERTAKING
- Unless the Fisk Controller advises
you to, which is not very likely, DO NOT fly
side by side. If you find yourself side by side with another
aircraft IT WILL NOT WORK! Check for other traffic and break off the
procedure (turning left/right). Parallel the railroad tracks while
proceeding southwest and find another aircraft to follow 1/2 mile
- If you find a gap in the arrival
sequence where you will be able to follow another aircraft while
maintaining 1/2 mile in-trail spacing without cutting someone else off
take advantage of this. Rejoin the procedure following the railroad
tracks northeast towards Fisk, if not
- RETURN TO RIPON, FIND
ANOTHER AIRCRAFT TO FOLLOW AND REJOIN THE PROCEDURE!
WHY DO WE NEED 1/2 MILE
We, ATC and pilots alike, want this
operation to be as safe and comfortable as possible for the pilots while
maintaining an effective/efficient operation. ATC needs a constant or
increasing ½ mile in-trail separation at the airport. This ensures that
there will be necessary separation between successive arrivals to allow
previous arrivals to exit the runway. It also provides the controllers at
the airport a gap within which to depart aircraft. (You will appreciate
this later as you depart AirVenture to begin your journey home!)
As you are aware, upon reaching the
pattern at the airport the aircraft ahead of you is going to reduce speed
and when this happens you will need to reduce your speed even further. We
certainly don't want pilots to be "flying on the edge" at a
greatly reduced airspeed and altitude (while S-Turning) upon reaching the
FOLLOW THE RAILROAD
TRACKS FROM RIPON (NORTHEAST) TOWARDS FISK
- DO NOT FLY
"POINT-TO-POINT" RIPON DIRECT FISK (VIA RNAV OR PILOTAGE).
- COMPENSATE FOR WIND.
- STAY DIRECTLY OVER THE TRACKS.
- MAINTAIN 1/2 MILE
(CONSTANT OR INCREASING) IN-TRAIL SPACING.
STAY DIRECTLY OVER THE TRACKS
Make your best effort to stay directly over the railroad tracks as you proceed northeast out of Ripon towards Fisk.
- Take wind into account and correct for drift.
- Not only does this provide for an orderly transition to the airport, it allows the controllers at Fisk to more easily identify and sequence you.
WAYPOINTS - RIPON AND FISKE
Though there are both RIPON and FISKE waypoints available for your use, PLEASE DO NOT FLY POINT-TO-POINT BETWEEN THESE FIXES.
- These waypoints should only be used for situational awareness as you proceed along the VFR Arrival Procedure beyond Ripon.
- Since not everyone has the capability to navigate "direct" ATC depends on all aircraft following directly over the railroad tracks in an effort to maintain the sequence and to also give ATC a fighting chance at locating you, i.e. we know where to look!
- We don't want to be surprised!
IDENTIFYING FISK - DON'T
BE FOOLED BY PICKETT!
- DON'T BE FOOLED BY PICKETT (ABOUT 7
MILES NORTHEAST OF RIPON)
ROCK YOUR WINGS TO
ACKNOWLEDGE CONTROL INSTRUCTIONS
- VIGOROUSLY - HOWEVER
DON'T OVERDO THE "ROCK" - KEEP IT SAFE!
Do not feel compelled to rock your wings
if you have been issued an immediate turn in conjunction with the control
instruction, just watch for traffic and turn. By doing so, ATC will know
that you are complying with the control instruction.
TYPE AND COLOR
- ATC will attempt to
identify you as you approach Fisk.
- This will normally
occur between Pickett and Fisk.
- Properly identifying the color or
type of an aircraft can sometimes be difficult.
- For example, if ATC refers to you as
a Cherokee and you are a Tiger, yet you are fairly certain that ATC is
specifically referring to you, follow those instructions rocking your
wings to acknowledge.
- Think about it. Besides AirVenture,
how often do most controllers see a "Tricycle Gear
Tailwind", "Bede-4", "Prescott Pusher" or a
- Even something as simple as
distinguishing a Luscombe from a Cessna 120 is difficult from the ATC
vantage point at Fisk.
- ATC is far more likely to identify
all short wing fixed gear aircraft approaching Oshkosh as an RV than
- For all you canard type pilots out
there, please don't take it personally if you are referred to as an
E-Z. It will
happen (over and over again)!
- Speaking of Canard type aircraft,
these aircraft are VERY DIFFICULT TO SEE! Canard pilots, if we have
not communicated with you by the time you are a mile out of Fisk -
Please Key Up and let us know you are there!
- PLEASE CUT ATC SOME
SLACK AND DON'T BE TOO PICKY!
SPECIFIC TYPES -
- If the controller is familiar with
your type, we may be more specific.
GENERAL TYPES -
WING/LANDING GEAR CONFIGURATION
- "Taildragger" -
Conventional landing gear (with tail wheel).
- "Tricycle Gear" -
- "High wing taildragger" or
"Red and white low wing" or "Yellow biplane" or
even "Low wing with wig wag lights", etc.
- ONCE AGAIN, PLEASE
DON'T BE TOO PICKY!
ENSURE THAT THE CONTROL
INSTRUCTION WAS INTENDED FOR YOU
- ATC may issue general control
instructions such as "I see aircraft S-Turning inside of Ripon,
S-Turns will not work, break it off and find another aircraft to
follow" or "make sure you are directly over the railroad
tracks", etc. Even though you are several miles from Fisk,
these types of general transmissions may be directed at you and ATC
would like you to take appropriate action!
- Please keep in mind that there are
often several aircraft of similar type on the procedure at any given
- Each and every year, several pilots
(each day) take control instructions (turns, runway assignments,
frequency changes, etc.) intended for other aircraft. By the time
the Fisk controllers realize what has happened - it is too late - the
aircraft has turned away from the published procedure and is no longer
on the Fisk frequency!
- This situation obviously causes much
confusion and frustration - both at Fisk and subsequently in the
Oshkosh Control Tower.
- ATC WILL NOT
ISSUE SPECIFIC CONTROL INSTRUCTIONS (runway assignments,
transitions to the airport or frequency changes) UNTIL
YOU ARE IN THE "IMMEDIATE" VICINITY OF FISK! Fisk is
located approximately 10 miles northeast of Ripon.
- UNLESS YOU ARE
APPROACHING FISK (within a mile or two of Fisk), THE
CONTROL INSTRUCTION TO "CONTINUE TO FOLLOW THE RAILROAD TRACKS
NORTHEAST" or"TURN RIGHT
FOLLOW FISK AVENUE" WAS NOT FOR YOU!
- ATC will attempt to identify you as
you approach Fisk. However, due to the high volume of traffic or
difficulty in seeing aircraft, you will not be identified by ATC until
you are almost directly over Fisk. If this is the case - be prepared
to react to control instructions!
- IF YOU ARE
OUTSIDE OF FISK CHANCES ARE ATC IS COMMUNICATING WITH ANOTHER AIRCRAFT
OF SIMILAR TYPE or APPEARANCE AHEAD OF
- If you realize that you have taken a
control instruction intended for another aircraft, check for traffic
and then turn back towards the railroad tracks. Rejoin the procedure
1/2 mile in-trail of the aircraft that you were following.
- NEVER CHANGE
FREQUENCIES PRIOR TO PASSING FISK!
- If you are flying a retractable gear
aircraft, ensure that you extend your gear as soon as feasible!
- The controllers at Fisk get anxious
if they see an aircraft passing overhead Fisk without the landing gear
down. Approaching Fisk may be a good time to "drop the gear"
if you have not already done so!
UPON REACHING FISK
- If you reach Fisk and ATC has not
authorized you to proceed beyond Fisk to the airport, contact ATC on
120.7 stating your type, "Red and White Skyhawk", your
location, "Overhead Fisk" and your predicament,
"Requesting runway assignment".
- This should get ATCs attention! If
not, break off the procedure paralleling the railroad tracks southwest
- If you find that you can rejoin the
procedure following another aircraft of similar performance 1/2 mile
in-trail - do so! If not return to Ripon and start at the beginning!
- DO NOT PASS FISK
TRANSITIONS FROM FISK TO
THE WITTMAN REGIONAL AIRPORT
- DEPENDING UPON THE ARRIVAL RUNWAY YOU
ARE ASSIGNED YOU WILL BE ISSUED ONE OF TWO "TRANSITIONS" TO
- You will either be instructed to
"Follow the railroad tracks northeast" or "Reaching Fisk, turn right (due
east) and follow Fisk Avenue."
- If you are assigned the Fisk Avenue
transition, upon reaching Fisk TURN RIGHT - DUE EAST (090º)
and follow (the small road) Fisk Avenue to the east.
- Please take the winds aloft into
consideration and adjust your heading accordingly in order to remain
over Fisk Avenue.
- If you are instructed to "Follow
the railroad tracks northeast" - do just that and continue
following the same railroad tracks that you had been following
northeast beyond Fisk towards the airport.
- There is a good chance that the
aircraft that you had been following inbound from Ripon to Fisk will
be assigned a runway different than you!
- Once assigned a runway and a
transition to the airport, follow aircraft ahead navigating to the
airport via your assigned transition to your assigned runway,
while maintaining the proper 1/2 mile in-trail spacing.